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The Beauties Of The Nature of Hentii Khentii Aimag

{mosimage}1. KIiukh Lake of KhanZurkh: In 1189, Lord Chinggis became Ihe qahan of whole Mongolia in this place,. Thus, the round shaped ger base like stones with nearly fifteen meters of diameters on the southern side of the Khukh Lake of Khar zurkh are hypothesized to be the base of a palace that could have been built for Chinggis qahan when he acceded to the throne.

nature31. KIiukh Lake of KhanZurkh: In 1189, Lord Chinggis became Ihe qahan of whole Mongolia in this place,. Thus, the round shaped ger base like stones with nearly fifteen meters of diameters on the southern side of the Khukh Lake of Khar zurkh are hypothesized to be the base of a palace that could have been built for Chinggis qahan when he acceded to the throne. There is a sentence in the 122"dchapterof "The Secret history of Mongolia": "Temuujin and his followers moved from there to Kliukh nuur lake of Khar Zurkh in Sengur Gorkhi Stream inside Khurelkh.", the lake mentioned here is one big and one small connected lakes that flow through the southern slope of Khar Zurkh mountain which is located in the north from the center of rsenkhermandal somon and they are divided at the beginning of Isenkher river's basin by a forested hill and flow 4 km away from each other. Khan Zurkh is a heart-shaped mountain that has forests in the back. Surroundings of Khan Zurkh Mountain's Khukh Nuur Lake are like forest and taiga region where larch, birch, poplar forest, willon's, bushes and hillock grow. "Ikh Khudiin Tsogtsolbor" (Complex of Great Khans) tourist camp is holding its activity in this place.

2. Khungal lake: This is originated a tectonic place with fresh water where there are many fish and rare water birds gather. The total square of the place is 1.5 km2 and is located in the Khurkh stream's basin. Children Camp and holiday home are situated close to the lake in the west and "Bnyangol" tourist camp is on the bank of the River Bayanbaruun that is in the southwest of the lake.

3. Kherlenbayan-Ulaan Mountain: This mountain is a branch of Khan Khentii Mountains and located in the big turn where Kherlen River starts to flow east. Most of the mountains belong to Delgerkhaan Somon territory and relatively high mountains like Delgerkhaan (2042 m), Bumbat (1895 m) and Dulaan (1680 m) are bushes and shrub on the highest extending from the north to the south. There are plenty of birch, poplar, larch, cedar , deciduous parts of the mountain. There are streams and springs in every defile and valley. The mountain has plenty of animals and there are 1000 winter-stays where nomads lived for centuries. This place is called bounteous country that does not have drought or heavy snow and it has all attraction of nature. This mountains has its contribution in the history of Mongolia. For example, a top of this mountain, which is called 13 Takhilt, has 27 shrines that are built when Chinggis qahan's was 27 years old. Also In Adun Chulu of Khuiten, a place nearby of this mountain, Chinggis qahan fought with Jamuha, in 1201, in order to respond that whether he or Gur would be the khan ofMongolia.

4. Shivertiin cave: This cave is derived from volcanic lava rocks in the Shivert's branch of Burgajtai Mountain's mouth that is located in the south of Kherlen Ulaan Mountain. Entrance of the cave is big enough (2 m) that a standing man can walk into it easily. It's wide inside the cave and width of it is 4 m in some parts. As far you enter the cave as many branches you will see and length of some branches continue 18-19 m. A little stream runs close to the cave and flowers grow in the willons groves of the stream. Strange shaped rocks and cliffs surround this place Mid there arc plenty of wild sheep, ibex, deer and roebuck. Used lo meditate in this cave long ago.

5. Avarga Toson: Avarga toson is in fact two neighbor lakes called Avarga Toson and Toson that have carbonate-natrium, chloride and sulfur acid are located in the south of Bayantal steppe where feather-grass, couch grass and other plain vegetation grow.

There is yellow and black clay on the coast of the lake and people from far near places have been coming to this place for over a century in order to cure their illnesses of nerves and venereal disease using the clay and take spring for their digestive system, joint ami dermal diseases. Aristocrats used to stay on the south coast, monks on the north coast and ordinary people on the east and west coast of the lake. Now, Sanatorium of Avarga Toson and "Khuduu Aral" tourist camp hold their activity nearby the lake.

6. Avarjja gol Avargiin Rashaan Spring: Avarga stream is a small lake that starts flowing from Kherlenbayan-Ulaan mountain, runs through the east of Delgerkhaan somon center and Hows into Kherlen river. A tart spring with hydro-carbonates, carbon acid gas and iron flows from Kherlen Toono Mountain. This is called Avarga Rashaan Spring. Historically, Lord Chinggis's great Aurag was here thus, it is called Avarga.

7. Darkhan Mountain: This is a worshipped mountain that is located in the northwest of  Darkhan somon. It is 1715m above sea level and length is 20 km, width is 6-8 km and  square is 25.0 thousand hectare.

For a long time, local residents have used a dribbling spring in the east defile of this  mountain for digestive system especially for stomach.

There are wild sheep, ibex and many other steppe animals lead their lives in this steppe  lonely mountain with scarce vegetation and peculiar scenery.

There is a 20:20:30 cm iron anvil of smith in the Dotuur Bulag defile of the mountain and  people worship and tell legends of the mountain in relation with this anvil. The mountain  is under the local protection and willing to become a nature reserve.

8. Kherlen Gol river: Kherlen river is one of biggest three rivers of Mongolia. It starts flowing from Khentii Mounitain and streams through wide valley of great steppe and pours into China's Dalai Lake.

Kherlen river is home of many kinds offish such as trout, pike and burbot. Durin warm seasons migratory birds like duck and goose gather on the river. Kherlen river's bank is a historical place that tells many periods of Borjigons.

9. liurkhan Khaldun: This mountain is situated in the territory of ()mnodelger somon. At the beginning, the name of this forest ami taiga mountain expressed a meaning castle and fortification but later it is named as worshipped place. In the 17"1 century, Mongolian historians explained the name of the mountain in relation with the term Burkhan thus the first meaning of the name was forgotten.

Temuujin survived thanks to this mountain when he escaped from Gurvan Merged for several times in his childhood. When he arrived from the mountain he ordered to worship it for all generations.

for him who was worshipper of shamanism the mountain was not only great cliffs, swamps and taiga he believed that it had ncred spirit.

Micro fore, the shrine of Burkhan Khaldun is at the foot of it but not On the top. Because people believe that there is a burial of dignitaries so it must be kept in secret and it is forbidden to climb the mountain. Burkhan Khaldun is one of four state worshipped mountains, therefore, black emblem of national is worshipped and celebrated at the level of the nation.

10. Onon's Hot Spring: The hottest spring of Mongolia is Onon's hot spring with temperature of 70-80°. Its ingredients are chloride, hydro-carbonate, natrium and magnum and it is pellucid liquid that tastes and smells like sulfur-hydroxide.

This spring has been used to cure illnesses such as central and peripheral nerve system diseases, joint diseases, skin diseases, injury and wound.

Setsen khan Sholoi's barn that was built during the 13th century remained till recent time and at that time of khan's only dignitaries used to own the spring and use it in a suitable time of year when it is good for treatment.

Good men who were considered to be heroes of this time used to boil raw frozen meat in this hot spring. At present, people are working to create a comfortable environment at this place and many searches have been made in order to use this hot spring for treatment.

11. Onon river: Onon river stards to flow the range of Ikh Khentii Mountains and flows through Dornod province for 298 km and Inner Baikal's region for 510 km and it drains into Shika river.

The size of this river's basin is 96.2 km and many rivers such as Eg, Barkh, Khurkh, Shuus, Agats and Khoyorkhon drain into it.

Thus it has much source of water and well clearing. This river is home to about 30 kinds offish.

Many interesting events of Mongolian history related to the period of Chinggis qahan took place in the basin of this river.

12. Gurvan Nuuriin Rashaan spring: "Gurvan Nuuriin Rashaan" spring, four little lakes that are located inside the low mountains covered with pine and birch forests. The spring is in Dadal somon territory and its ingredi ents are carbonic acid gas, sulfur, natrium, kalium and magnum. People use the spring for the treatment of stomach, heart and vessel diseases, blood pressures, and some cutaneous diseases. The place is surrounded by forests with evergreen pines mostly and many rivers, lakes, pools and springs. The vegetation grow in this place. The weather is warm and thickly soft in winter and it has cool and raining season in summer. It is a very beautiful place that makes people breath free and comfortable.

I3. Italj river: This river starts flowing from Russian territory iiud it is one of the biggest rivers. It flows 100 km in our country Uld drain into Onon river. The width of the river is up to 65m at the end and depth is 2 m. it belongs to the Pacific Ocean, thus Iturgenn, taimen, bruehymystax, auratm, sagan, barbel, it is home in many llsh that can be hunted. Beautiful basin of Balj river is homeland for Buriad people.

14. Ulz river: This river's resource is in the eastern branches of Khenlii Mountain range and it flows 420 km through Khentii and Dornod provinces, about 10 km through Inner Baikal's region and drains into Tari Lake. Many rivers such as Turgen and Doch drain into this river. Speed of current of water is low and depth is also low. There is much swamp in the area.

The size of the river's basin is 14800 km2. Coniferous forest is on the both side of the river and there is vast valley with meadow flowers.

15. Khaidelgerkhan mountain: The mountain is located in the south oftheNorovlin somon center. Its height is 1594 m, length is 20 km and width is 15-17 km. The mountain has Permian and Devon rocks such as granite, granite-sienite, granite-diorite, sienite, calcareous rocks and rocks that belong to the proterozoic era.

The mountain is home for wild animals such as deer, roebuck, lynx, manul (Central Asian wild cat), wolf and fox. It is veneratel mounf.

16. Arangatiin spring: This spring, located in 14 km away from Bayanadarga somon center, with ingredients of hydro carbonate, calcium, natrium and magnum, arises from left bottom of a dormant volcano that is situated in the confluence of Arangat
and Khongor rivers.

Each liter water of this spring consists of 3-4 gr carbonate acid gas, 2-3 cent iron and it is kind of radioactive one. The spring water is scentless, colorless and pellucid and good for inner parts of the body specially for liver and choler.

18. Gurmiin Lake: This is a tectonic dip lake, 918 m above sea level, with size of 5.6 km2, length of 3.1 km and width of 2.5 km.

Length of a lake's coastline is 8 km and depth is 4.6 m.

Clearing of the lake is 1.5 m and during winter the lake gets covered with ice of 1.0-1.1 m. Bottom of the lake is mostly silt and pelagic clay and coast of lake is sandy.

In last years, water level of the lake is increasing giving us a good chance to swim in the lake and have a good relaxation.

Migratory birds such as swan, duck, goose, egret and duck gather on it and they create beautiful scenery of the lake.

I here is I Inns grave near the lake and number of people who to hive holiday on the lake is dramatically increasing in last years.

19. Natural Resources of Khar Yamaat: Khar Yamaat is place ui natural resources and it is situated in the southeast of Bayan-t Hon siinioii. The place has a beautiful and quite peculiar nature thai many kinds of vegetation grow in the area.
There is an unusual ecosystem that is not ordinary in the steppe and there are many spring, forest groves and rocky cliffs.

The place is located in the reaching point of Khan Khentii Mountain range's southeast end and The Great Plain of East Mongolia, therefore, it has peculiar combination of animals and vegetation. There arc 400 kinds of vegetation as well as plenty of medicinal herbs. Some poplar groves are along the sides of low mountains. Bushes grow in the southern slope, back and two sides of the mountains and elm and wild cherry tree grow
thin on the ground through the canals of the valleys.

There are many kinds of small rodents such as Mongolian marmot  and several kinds of mice. Also, the place is home to big mammals such as corsac, fox, wolf, black tailed gazelles and white gazelles.

20. Idermeg-Bayankhan Mountain: When we go to the east from Ondorkhan city we see strange rocky mountain on the north of Kherlen river and that mountain is called Idermeg-Bayankhan mountain. Steppe vegetation like stipa grow on this mountain and there plenty of brown rabbit, pika badger, corsac, wolf and many other animals. In last years, some wild sheep have been noticed on the mountain. Chinggis qahan left his legendary horse that was named Ider Kheer in this mountain when he was coming back from a war, thus, locals had named the mountain in relation with that horse s name. Bay gelding used to drink water from a brook that is near Bayankhan Mountain and it did not drink Kherlen River's water. Therefore, locals call that brook a brook of stepple.

21. Suvargan Valley: A vast valley that is situated from Berkh mine's center till Kherlen River and extended to the north is called Suvargan valley. Horse-racing of the Naadam (three men's games) takes place in this huge valley. There is a base of a stupa on the flat hill inside the valley. Historically, 200 years ago, Norov, governer of Setsenkhan, divided his land in order to pass on the place to his two sons, thus, the northern part of the land was lulled Sergelen Gun (baron)'s Khoshuu (similar to aimag) and ihc southern part was called Sujigt Beis (duke)'s Khoshuu. But, Jta I year, a horrible plague affected Sergelen Gun's Khoshuu. Id destroy the plague Buddhist doctors built a Suvarga (Mongolian name for stupa) inside the valley, therefore, the valley i. tailed Suvarga Valley.

22. Berkh Mine: This mine was built in 1954 with a plan to extract annually 30.0 thousand ton of ore from fluorspar deposit that is considered to be geological wonderful formation in the world Sanjaa, an old shepherd, found a shiny stone while he h.i| pasturing his slock on the backofBerkh Mountain and gave it lo spat i.ilisis Ibr determination. Thus, the mine was built in the place and people started extracting. In the first years, it used Id be called Sanjaa's mine.

23. Bayankhlltag Mountain: This mountain is located in 10 ktu limn Bayankhutag somon   center and it is the highest mountain of this somon (1580 m). this mountain is divided into tWOparts: Ikh Bayan Mountain and BagaBayan Mountain. From n long ago, this mountain has been used to be called Shadar Ttlfhmed (deputy clerk) of Ondorkhaan mountain. Due to this rid it' name il is a worshipped mountain. Primarily, it used to be called Bayan Mountain and herders say that this mountain ii a IHeiulK one to strangers helping them to become rich quickly and Us leeward helps livestock such as goat and sheep to pass uuilei     Later, il was named Bayankhutag and traditionally people used to celebrate the Naadam on the southern slope Bayan Mountain and Ovor Bulan's northern terrace.

24. Bayankhuree Mountain, Gashuun Bor Khooloi: You can get a beautiful sight of kherlen's vast steppe from the top of this mountain, which you can see from a quite far distance when you are in Bayankhutag somon center. The mountain's south eastern valley where broomgrass and bush grow is called Gashuun Bor Khooloi. People say that one seeker found white powder-like things grown from the ground while he was going through this valley and he touched those things as well as tasted them. That white powder-like things tasted very tart. Then he came back and told his adventure to local people. People went there and saw it themselves. Since then, the place had been named Gashuun Bor's Khooloi or the place of tart white things. The white substances grown from the ground were saltlick and people have been using them for strengthening and fattening up cattle.

25. Kulgaichiin Cave: There is a cave in a southwest mouth of a mountain that is called Sumiin Chuluu, located in the territory of Galshar somon. This cave can contain two men freely and good men who used to steal horses and cattle from the rich and
give them to the poor made this cave as their shelter for a night.

There are strange rocks near the cave and people call them horse shelter, uurga (stick with rope in the front part that is used to catch horses) and saddle shelf. They are peculiar rocks that are should called in such ways.

26. Yazaar's Mountain: This mountain that is situated in the southwest of Bayanmunkh somon is a beautiful place of steppe nature. It is home to many rare animals such as deer and wild sheep. A stock of wild sheep has been breeding in the mountain for a long time and locals say that an amount of wild sheep is now up to 70.

27. Bor Ondor's Mountain Enriching Factory: Bor Ondor is a city of factory that was built on a source of fluorspar as a branch of "Mongolrostsevetmet" cooperation. It is situated in the territory of Darkhan somon. The factory is capable to produce 100.0 thousand ton of ore and the first abyssal mine was built in 1983. Gradually, the capacity of the factory was improved; therefore, it was broadened as an enriching factory in 1986. The factory exports flour spar concentrate FA-92 that is popular in the world.

28. Galshar Horse: Mongolians has been regarding horses as superior animals for a long time and you will know about this tradition deeply when you go through Galshar somon. Because horses of this sum have been winning state and province horseracing competitions until the end of the 20th century and they still continue to be leaders today.

If we determine origins of horses that win the races they are all Galshar horses and this kind of fast horses are spread throughout Mongolia.

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