Mongolia Travel Guide Find all travel information, adventure tours to Gobi desert, Genghis Khan historical tours. Get information on Mongolian ger accommodation and cheap hotels in Mongolia. Tue, 05 Feb 2013 07:05:35 +0000 en hourly 1 Otgontenger Mountain Tue, 05 Jan 2010 11:31:15 +0000 info otgontenger-mountain-9

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Folk Songs Mon, 21 Dec 2009 17:58:02 +0000 admin Mongolian music is a reaction to their surroundings and life. Caring for a baby provokes melody. Seeing a calf being rejected, its mother is convinced to return by singing. Seeing white gers spread across the green pasture inspires a proud melody. Traveling a long way on horseback, riding sets a pace, the pace delivers rhyme, and here again the song is involuntary. Hurrying to one’s beloved, the heartbeat composes another melody. The sources of song are endless. Birthdays, weddings, national holidays, winning a horse race or wrestling competition, celebration of the elderly, mare’s milk brewing, wool cutting, cashmere combing, and harvest comprise an endless chain of reasons for singing and dancing .
Through the ages, music has spread around Mongolia through home teaching and festivities. Any family or clan event was a good chance for musicians and singers to gather together. Coming from different areas, most often representing different tribes, people has the opportunity to perform, to learn from others and to take home a new melody or song. In this way, the ancient patterns of various corners of Mongolia have been preserved by local masters for the whole nation. The Mongolians love music, the songs they sing express their feelings and music of their hearts and souls. There are several types of songs that have their own features.

Buuvey Song
A buuvey song is a lullaby, or any sweet melody “expressing a mother’s boundless love” for her baby. “Buuvey… buuvey… buuvey…” is repeated while caressing a child to make him or her sleep. The melody may come from the heart of mother and be improvised. There are also lullaby songs with legends already composed, learned by the family and distributed to other families and generations.

Labor Song
These are melodies sung while working. The hunter’s call attracts the animal by imitating its call in order to select a specific type of animal and to hunt with certainty, without wounding. Various herder’s calls manage the flock by signaling to go to pasture, return home, generate more milk, encourage insemination, bring a mother back to her calf, and so on.

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Mongolian Court Mon, 14 Dec 2009 13:58:46 +0000 admin The Mongolian Judicial Institution one of the three main branches that execute the law in Mongolia. Only Courts execute the judicial power. The Mongolian judiciary system consists of the Supreme Court, Aimags’ and Capital Courts, Soums’ and Inter-soums’ Courts and District’s Courts. It is lawful to form a special court for criminal and civil cases and ad­ministrative affairs
Courts of Mongolia:
* The courts of first instance
* The appellate courts
* The Supreme court
The courts of first instance are Soum’s and Inter-soum’s Courts and District’s Courts. The courts are popular in the judiciary system and operate more closely with the people. The courts of first instances consider and pass judgment on all cases and disputes except for the cases and dis­putes which depend on the Supreme Court, Aimag’s and Capital Court or special Courts by law.
The appellate courts are Aimag’s and Capital Courts. People have a right to appeal if they do not agree with the decision taken by the courts of first instances.

The Supreme Court operates as a supervising court. “The Supreme Court shall be the highest judicial branch” as proclaimed in the 1992 Constitution of Mongolia. The Su­preme Court comprises the Chief Judge (Eronkhii Shuugch) and 12 judges. The President appoints the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court for six years.A General Council of Courts has also been established to ensure the independence of the judiciary. It has the exclusive power to select judges. The Head of the General Council of Courts will be the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court has a number of powers including the right to try certain criminal cases and legal disputes, and to examine the decisions of lower courts through the appeals process. It also examines cases of human rights referred to it by the Constitutional Court and the Prosecutor General and provides of­ficial interpretations of the law, with the exception of the Constitution. Today, there are 61 courts of three instances in Mongolia: 30 Soum’s and Intersoum’s Courts, 8 District’s Courts, 22 Aimag’s and Capital Courts and the Supreme Court.
According to the Law on resolv­ing administrative cases, passed by the State Great Khural in 2002, the Administrative Court was assembled in June, 2004. A Disciplinary Committee of Court with 15 members exercises na­tionwide jurisdiction. The President appoints the Head of the Disciplinary Committee of Courts.

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Fashion Shows Wed, 11 Nov 2009 12:34:42 +0000 admin Fashion shows

Fashion shows

There are a number of fashion shows that take place in Ulaanbaatar throughout the year. The biggest and most well know is Goyol which takes place in December over a whole weekend at the Cultural Palace. It showcases the best of Mongolian and international designers and models and normally sets the trend for the coming year’s look. Tickets for each day cost around Tg6000 but it’s well worth it for the show. Unfortunately you can’t take photographs without a photopass but a few shots from the aisles shouldn’t be a problem.
Moda takes place in the State Drama Theatre and costs around Tg4000. It concentrates a little more on traditional wear than the latest cutting edge fashion but is still worth a look – especially as the show is not your standard runway fair but incorporates scene from famous Mongolian plays and also opera signing.

Ulaanbaatar fashion week normally runs for 7 days in November in the large function room of the Chinggis Hotel. It’s meant to be a stylish venue but it tends to not as glamorous as the larger stages like that of Goyol and Moda. It’s Tg5000 for each show and if you ant to take photographs it’s a whopping Tg50,000 – per day. Only dedicated fans should attend.

Fashion Gala is over a weekend in October at the Cultural Palace. On the Saturday are song and dance performances by different acts from all over Mongolia, including traditional dancing and Morin Khuur ensembles playing. On the Sunday s the student fashion show. If the word ‘student’ conjures up images of badly sown on sequins and tie-dye atrocities then be prepared for a pleasant surprise. The clothes on the catwalk are well made traditional wear with a twist to modern collections that look straight out of the wardrobe of some LA pop star. Tickets are Tg3000 for each day and well worth the price

Cashmere Camel Catwalk is a mid-January annual event normally in the Continental Hotel. It showcases the must-have knitwear for next winter (even though in Jan the winter is still going on strong) and it represents the more wearable high street fashion that tends to be in short supply on the runways of Goyol and Moda. Normally a Friday and Saturday evening, tickets cost Tg3000.

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Mongolian Huushuur Recipe Wed, 11 Nov 2009 06:55:53 +0000 admin With 30 million herd animals in the country, Mongolians eat a lot of meat and milk products. Fruit and vegetables are harder to come by. Nothing grows in the long winter, so most of the year, only vegetables like potatoes, onions and turnips, which store well, are available.
(Note: many of the “Mongolian” recipes in cook books are from inner Mongolia, or are Chinese versions of Mongolian food. In Mongolia, people usually eat very simply, using few spices or fancy sauces.)
Huushuur (fried meat patties) recipe makes about 32 patties
For the filling:
1 kg minced mutton or beef, with fat included
1/2 teaspoons salt 1 onion, chopped 2 cloves garlic, crushed water to mix
Mix the filling ingredients together into a firm paste. For the dough: 4 1/2 cups flour 1/2 teaspoon salt water to mix the dough ingredients together and knead into a dough. Divide into smaller pieces and roll these into cylinders about 3 cm in diameter. Cut the cylinders into 4cm lengths. To assemble: Take one length of dough and squash it into a circle. Roll it out until it is 8 to 10cm wide. Roll more at the edges than in the middle, so the dough is slightly thinner around the edges. Put 2 1/2 dessert spoons of meat mixture onto one side of your circle, leaving a space around the edges. Fold the other side over, pinching the edge flat. Leave one corner open and squeeze out the air, then seal the corner. Fold the corner over and pinch again, then work around the edge folding and pinching into a twist pattern. Repeat the process with the rest of the filling and dough pieces.

To cook:
2 liters oil in a wok (make sure the oil comes no higher then 5 cm below the top). Fry three or four pasties at a time for two minutes each side, until they are brown and the meat is cooked. Eat with tomato ketchup or soy sauce.

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Theatre of Opera and Ballet Tue, 10 Nov 2009 19:19:40 +0000 admin Mongolian State Academic theatre of opera and ballet is the theatre which serve with both classical and national operas, ballets, and orchestral productions. We have collection of over 100 world classical and national operas and ballets. We are proud that we have many best classical and national including “Ewgenii Onegin”, “Lolanta’ by B.Tchaikovsky, “Chio Chio San”, “Tosca”, “Turandot”, “La Boheme” by Puccini, “Otello”, “Triviats”, “Trubadur”, “Rigoletto” by G.Verdi, “Carmen” by J.Bizet and “Tree dramatic characters” by B.Damdinsuren, “Khara Korum” by D.Luvsansharav, “Tears of a lama” by Kh.Bilegjargal, “The lost faith” by Ts.Natsagdorj, “Chinggis Khan” by B.Sharaw and ballets including “Don Quixote”, “Bayadere” by L.Minkus, “Esmeralda” by C.Pugni, “Coppelia” by L.Delibes, “The skilled Khas” by J.Chuluun, “Silver tassel”by E.Choidog, “Gems Mountain” by Z.Khangal, “Among hills of the sorrow” by J.Mend-Amar.

Program of gala concert with a composition of our professional solo singers, Chorus, ballet solo dancers and symphony orchestra musicians attracts audiences a lot. We have been cooperating with the artists of Russia, Italy, France, Korea, China, Japan, Germany and Australia in performing new works of art and exchanging artists. Classic art will guide you to the heavenly life.

Address: Sukhbaatar district, Sukhbaatar square-7
Tel/Fax: 976-11-323339

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Animals in Mongolia Mon, 09 Nov 2009 06:28:12 +0000 admin
Mongolia Animals

Mongolia Animals

Animals adapted to all kind of ecosystems such as forest, steppe, desert, alpine, tundra, talus and water surrounding grove, have established themselves in Mongolia. Many animals, which are frequently spread throughout the Siberian taiga, European-type forests, western Asia and Turan desert, are included in the aforementioned animals. Also there are many endemic species, which are found in only deserts and steppes of Central and Eastern Asia. Mongolia has extinct animals and takes a leading place in the world by its more precious finds of fossils and pre-historic bones.

A total of 138 species of mammals, 449 species of birds , 75 species of fish , 6 species of amphibians and 22 species of reptiles have been registered on the animal kingdom list of Mongolia. Besides these, there are more than 13,000 species of invertebrate, including 516 species of insects, worms, fresh water and terrestrial mollusks in Mongolia. Of the above-mentioned animals 24 mammals are basic hunting animals, 32 hunted by just a few and 4 are not to be hunted. A total of 30 species and sub-species mammals are listed in the rare and very rare classifications of the Mongolian Red Book, which was revised in 1997.

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Undur Dov Wed, 04 Nov 2009 16:02:06 +0000 admin The hilly area between Ikh and Baga Gun and Ayagan Lakes, in the territory of Tuv Province. In 1925, B.Ya.Vladimirtsov, a Russian archeologist and scholar, and Baraadyn Bazar, a buriatian scholar, made archeological reconnaissance trip around the Minor Khentii or Terelj of Khentii and Great and Small Gun lake area and discovered two hills, remainder of an ancient city or town. One of these two hills is located in the area called Gun Galuut and several findings were found such as big rectangular bricks and ceramic pots from here. Vladimirtsov concluded that it was a small town with walls and four gates, according to local man Dendev’s note. Building background of Undur Dov walls.In 1952, Kh.Perlee dug Undur Dov and mapped and described the town. During digging it was cleared that Under Dov was surrounded with pressured walls with tower on the walls for guarding and there was a remainder of big rectangular building. During reconaissance trip of archeologists in spring 1995, some part of the wall was removed in order to build dam for the railway. Some say it was an ancient city of Huns, but some convince that it was from 17-18 century.

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Genghis as a Great Khan Sat, 31 Oct 2009 17:07:28 +0000 admin The most iconic of all Mongolians, grand khan Genghis (or Chinggis in Mongolian) was the great Mongolian leader and warrior. Born in 1162, Genghis, through sheer will, united the diverse Mongol tribes and established the Great Mongol State. His empire was one of the largest the world had ever seen. His political leadership was forward-thinking and based on meritocracy. Genghis’ military tactics and success was unmatched and he possessed one of the fastest and strongest armies of his time. He truly was one of the most important figures in all of world history.
Genghis was a shaman believer his entire life and held the deepest respect for the eternal blue sky and the earth. But in order to control many tribes and states, he pursued the policy of religious freedom and therefore did not discriminate among the many different religions in the Empire. This policy was to attract people of alien countries and not to provoke their resistance. He kept some monasteries and temples and freed monks and priests from military recruitment and tax. But he strictly restricted some customs, that seemed harsh to the Mongols, such as the Muslim way of beheading sheep.

For such a great historical figure such as Genghis Khan, information on his life is surprisingly scarce. This is due to the record taking of the time and the loss of many historical documents. Much of what is known comes from “The Secret History of the Mongols” which has one of the most detailed accounts of his life. However, much mystery and controversy still surround his life and death.

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Mongolian-English Dictionary Tue, 20 Oct 2009 19:30:34 +0000 admin Price – $69.99 (Single User)

The Mongolian-English Dictionary from Lingua Mongolia is the first piece of commercial dictionary software for Uighur-script and Cyrillic Mongolian in the world. The culmination of over four years of work, it has been designed to work on all Windows-based operating systems without the need to change System Locales or download and install any fonts. Setup is fast and automatic and the install file is just over 2MB in size – making it easy to download on even dial-up connections.
The dictionary is ideal for translators and researchers, students of the Mongolian language and Mongolian students learning English.

* Over 24,000 Cyrillic and Uighur-script headwords
* Thousands of usage examples
* Search using Cyrillic Mongolian
* Search using the Uighur-Mongolian Script
* Search using standard transliteration
* English Search Mode
* Wildcard Search Mode
* Regular Expression Search Mode
* Intelligent VirtualKeyboard for
entering Mongolian
* No need to install any extra fonts
or change System Locales
* Fast, automatic setup
* Receive monthly program updates
from Lingua Mongolia

The dictionary features the Lingua Mongolia Intelligent Virtual Keyboard, allowing users to enter Mongolian words while also verifying that the correct ligatures have been inputted. However, users can also type Mongolian directly into the search field without the need for any specialist third-party software or fonts. In addition, definitions are displayed as soon as the user begins typing and in the case of ambiguous readings the dictionary presents users with all matches for the specified word-shape.

The dictionary can scan webpages written in Cyrillic Mongolian and recognise an average of 85% of the words encountered. The dictionary de-conjugates verbs, listing both the base form, conjugated form and the name and meaning of the verb tense and/or case ending used. Users can then easily make sense of Cyrillic Mongolian webpages without having to search for each individual word – greatly aiding the process of gaining reading proficiency in Mongolian. It also converts numbers, abbreviations and acronyms into their written-word equivalents. Simply drag and drop text from any webpage onto the main definition pane and the dictionary will do the rest!

The dictionary can also automatically recognise transliterated Mongolian text, regardless of which transliteration scheme is being employed. You can drag individual words or running text from pdf files, word documents and webpages and then drop them directly onto the dictionary window, whereby it will display a list of all recognised words in the order in which they were found – aiding in the reading and translation of transliterated texts.

The dictionary provides coverage for words from all periods of development of the Mongolian language – from preclassical lexical oddities to modern slang and everything in between. Furthermore, the dictionary is also constantly being updated on a daily basis and updates will be provided to users in the form of a monthly update.

Please note that if you are intending to use the Mongolian-English Dictionary on a network you will have to purchase additional licenses (not including the fee for the software itself) from Lingua Mongolia. Institutional Licenses are charged at $179.99 USD – allowing the software to be installed on as many machines as desired at the campus or campuses of the institution to which the license is registered. Additional licenses can also be purchased for the price of $10.00 USD per license. If you require multi-user services, please contact Lingua Mongolia to arrange this.

If you have any questions regarding the Mongolian-English Dictionary or if you are already a user and have any suggestions for improvement, please contact Lingua Mongolia directly on the form below.


In addition, there is no need to install any extra fonts or change System Locales, setup is totally automated and the download size is just over 2Mb. The dictionary is compatible with almost every Windows platform (Windows 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, 2003 Server and Vista).

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