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Sunday March 13th 2011


‘Government and Society’ Archives

Mongolian Court

The Mongolian Judicial Institution one of the three main branches that execute the law in Mongolia. Only Courts execute the judicial power. The Mongolian judiciary system consists of the Supreme Court, Aimags' and Capital Courts, Soums' and Inter-soums' Courts and District's Courts. It is lawful to form a special court for criminal and civil cases [...]

Parliament of Mongolia

The Constitution legalized the tenet that The Government is the highest executive body of the State. As the result of the State Great Khural's election, legal conditions to establish a new Government are provided. The Government is accountable for its work to the State Great Khural and the term of its mandate is four years. The Government shall [...]

National Anthem

The National Anthem of Mongolia was adopted in 1950 and set to music by the composer B.Damdinsuren. The procedure for the ceremonial use of the National symbols, the text and melody of the National Anthem were approved by law. Our sacred revolutionary country Is the ancestral hearth of all Mongols. No enemy will defeat us. And we will [...]

Mongolian Flag and National Emblem

The National Flag is divided vertically into three equal parts colored red, blue and red. The three equally spaced stripes have special meaning. The two outer red stripes symbolize progress and prosperity. The inner blue stripe symbolizes the eternal sky. The Golden Soyombo is depicted in the center of the red stripe nearest to the flag pole. The [...]

Constitution of Mongolia

The Constitution consists of a preamble and 70 articles. The Constitution proclaimed in the preamble the tenets of securing the independence and sovereignty of the state, cherishing human rights, freedom, justice, inheriting the traditions of national statehood, history and culture, showing respect for the accomplishments of human civilization, [...]

Scientific Development of Mongolia

Mongolia has a tradition of respect for knowledge and wisdom. In great Genghis Khan's times people with knowledge and experience were summoned in "The counsel of sages". It was highly respected for its assistance in state management and conduct of domestic and foreign policies. Besides, the members of this group were ranked according to their [...]

Health Care

Health Care

The population's health status has dramatically improved in Mongolia in the 20th century. Within this period of time infant mortality has decreased by a factor of 16, while maternal mortality had experienced almost a 100-fold decline, and such communicable diseases as louse-born epidemic typhus, genital lymphgranulomatosis, smallpox and [...]



Tourism develops in close cooperation with other economic sectors. This being so, it has rich contents and many different forms. In general tourism is divided into two main types: international and internal. Internal or natural tourism takes place in the territory of that country and the currency of the country is used. There is no movement of [...]

Soyombo in Mongolian flag

Soyombo in Mongolian flag

Since ancient times, the Soyombo ideogram has been the national emblem of freedom and independence of the Mongolians. At the top of the ideogram is a flame, which symbol­izes blossoming, revival, improvement and continuation of the family. The three prongs of the flame signify the prosperity of the people in the past, the present and the future. [...]

Economic and social situation of Mongolia, as of Feb 2008

General Government budget In the first 2 months of 2008, total revenue and grants of General Government budget amounted to 323.4 bin. togrogs and total expenditure and net lending 268.1 bln.togrogs. The General government budget overall balance was a surplus 55.3 bln.togrogs. Current revenue of General Government amounted to 321.4 bln.togrogs [...]

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