Ulaanbaatar City Tour
Please, look to the east if you are at the Chinggis Khaan International airport, but if you are at the Ulaanbaatar Railway Station, look to the south. You will see a high mountain with a thick forest. This is Mount Bogd Khan. The mountain, covered with a dense forest in all sides, looks as if a huge black vulture sitting in the middle of a vast steppe. Up in the high you will see great peaks of beautiful granite, and down there you will see numerous valleys and gullies, rivers and streams, plants and flowers, beats and birds. Moreover, the mountain which accommodates countless rock paintings, ovoos, and other relics is considered as one of the first strictly protected areas in the world, for it was taken under protection in 1778. It lies at 2256 meters above the sea level. Now please turn to the west. The mountain you see is Songino Khairkhan, 1653 m above the sea level. It has steep front and back rocky faces but no single tree. The mountain to the north covered with trees from all sides is called Mount Chingeltei. Mount Bayanzurkh is to the east. This mountain is said to have the dog-shaped spirit, called Chidani, that favor military activities. According to the elders’ sayings, enemies usually attacked from the east; therefore, the military banner was placed in this mountain to worship, so were the soldiers. The river that runs behind the Bogdkhan mountain from the east to the west is the River Tuul /819 KM/, that flows from the Khentiikhan mountains through Ulaanbaatar to the Orkhon river. In its history, the capital city, Ulaanbaatar, had a number of names, including Urguu, Ikh Khuree, and Ulaanbaatar, that reflect various stages of its history. There are many branches of the education, culture, science, health, private enterprises and other social representations which are developed quickly in Ulaanbaatar. Ulaanbaatar city has established relations “with many” other cities, so it is “the opened city”. Ulan Bator, capital city of Mongolia, is cleaner than the other cities, therefore, foreign visitor named our city “the Asian white princess which is shined from far away”. Also Mongolian people proud of this name that is not lost its valuable.
Ulaanbaatar City Tour (One day)
The Museum of Natural History:
Hours and facilities: Everyday: 10.00-4.30 pm
Some labels in English. Gift shops. The museum covers 5 areas: Geology, Zoology, Botany, Anthropology and Paleontology. The Paleontology exhibits include dinosaur’s skeletons and eggs unearthed in Mongolia. While most of the exhibits cover the natural history of Mongolia. The museum is undergoing expansion and will cover the natural history of the whole world.
The Winter Palace of Bogd Khaan:
Hours and facilities: 10.00am -5.30pm everyday (summer season)
Built between 1893 and 1903, the museum consists of the winter home of the Bogd Khaan, the last political and religious leader of Mongolia, and His personal temple. Inside the home is the Bogd Khaan’s ornate ger-yurt, covered with show leopard skins, The Main Gate of the temple were made without a single nail.
State Department Store:
The State Departments Store is the largest retail store in Mongolia. It offers a variety of products and consumer goods for the needs of tourist, visitors and dwellers of Ulaanbaatar. The Department store is a walking distance from the largest hotels of Ulaanbaatar, so it is never difficult to drop by. The State Department Store offers traditional Mongolian antiques, souvenirs and other various types of products.
Zaisan Hill The National Museum of Mongolia History
Hours and facilities: Everyday -10.00 am – 4.30 pm. Library, gift shop. Most Item descriptions in Mongolian and English. This museum presents Mongolian history and culture from the dawn of human to the present day. A special gallery exhibits the clothing and accessories of Mongolia’s 20-odd ethnic groups. The ethnographic section features a furnished ger-yurt and collection of saddles.
The Choijin Lama Museum
Hours and facilities: Everyday- 10.00 am -6.00 pm. Some Labels in English. Built between 1904 and 1908, this museum was originally a temple for the young brother of the last Bogd Khaan, political and religions dance called tsam.