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Mongol Khans

Kublai Khan

Kublai, younger brother of Mongke Khan , was born in 1215 and became Khan in 1260. Kublai Khan transfered the capital of Great Mongolia’s Empire to Beijing and launched the Yuan dynasty which ruled Mongolia, China, and Tibet. He ruled better than his predecessors, promoting economic growth with the rebuilding of the Grand Canal, repairing public buildings, and extending highways. Kublai was the first to introduce paper money into the economy. Despite being the Empire being on the verge of collapse, the Great Mongolian Empire ruled by Kublai Khan made huge contributions to world civilization. He died in 1294.

Guyuk Khan
Guyuk, the oldest son of Ogodei, was born in 1206, the Year of Red Tiger. He was elevated to the throne by the Grand Assembly in 1246, the Year of Red Horse. One of his many important measures was the first registration of Mongolian population. In the field of foreign policy, he followed his father and continued to conquer many other countries. Guyuk Khan had passed away in 1248, in the Year of Yellow Monkey.

Ugudei Khan
After death of Ghengis, his youngest son Tului was dealing with state affairs , then, in 1229, the year of the yellow bull, the Great Khuraldai was held in Khentii’s “Khuduu Aral” and Ogodei, the third son of Chinggis , was appointed as Khan. Ogodei was born in 1187 and he participated in expanding the Great State following after his father. Ogodei Khan improved the governance of his empire, and finished the construction of Khar Khorum, the new Palace, which was started by the decree of Genghis Khan, and announced it as the capital of the Great State of Mongolia.
The Secret History of Mongolia, the valuable inheritance of Mongolian culture and history , was written in his palace while he was alive. Ogodei Khan died at 56 years of age in 1241.

Mongke Khan
Mongke Khan was born in 1208, was the fourth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He ruled from 1208-1259. Möngke was involved in the European campaign of 1236-1242 and he fought in the campaign against the steppe peoples of the Russian provinces, was involved in the destruction of Kiev, and the assault of Hungary. Möngke, as khan, seemed to take much more seriously the legacy of world conquest he had inherited than did the previous Khan. He concerned himself more with the war in China, outflanking the Song Dynasty through the conquest of Yunnan in 1254 and an invasion of Indochina, which allowed the Mongols to invade from north, west, and south. He died from a cannon blast in 1259 while conducting war in China.

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