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Historical Places in Khentii Aimag

1. Serven Khaalga’s inscription
Serven Khaalga is a cone-shaped mountain with small rocks and steppe nature, which is located in the Valley of Kherlen River, Bayankhutag somon.
Big 9 rows inscription on 3:4m rock is determined to Zurchid and there is Nankhiad inscription 18m to the left from the first one. Zurchid inscription was carved in 1195, after Altan Empire’s had fought with Tatar. Meaning of this inscription says that while combining Mongol nation Chinggis qahan joined other people in order to defeat his enemies.

This sightseeing became a state protected memorial in 1998.

2. Tunsag Ovoo Shrine
There is a worshipped horse emblem gneiss and granite rocky mountain (1044 m) on the bank of Kerlen River, Batnorov somon. There are many stamp figures such as hoof, ongi, sun, single moon, double moons, counter and claw of bear on the rocks around a shrine on the mountain. Traditionally, in order to brand horses, local residents come to the shrine and choose figure for stamp that firstly noticed in their eyes. Also, there are some tumulus on the southern slope of the mountain and a cave for one person.
3. Tsenkhermandal’s Tureg Inscription
Inscription on the rock, called “Burgastain Bichihgt Tsohio”, Tsenkhermandal Somon, is called Tureg inscriptions. In general, ancient Tureg inscription is written from the right to the left, but this one is written from down to upside in two rows on the two sides of a stamp. The stamp inside two rows is hypothesized to be personal or tribe’s stamp and due to bilateral tradition of Tureg and Mongol tribes, people used to leave stamps in their winter stays and spring camps in order to” show other people that the place belongs to them.

This inscription belongs to 8-9th century and it is an eastern point of all Tureg inscriptions in Mongolia.

4. Salbar mountain’s Bichigt Khanan’s big and small inscriptions
There is an inscription consists of big and small inscriptions on Bichigt Khanan rock of Salbar Mountains, located in the territory of Murun Somon. Big inscription consists of 3 rows and 17 hieroglyphics and small inscription consists of one row and 7 hieroglyphics. First, middle and last rows are written in red. This inscription proves that Mongolians were highly literate from the ancient times and there were special grammars of writing, depending on a person’s rank, position in the society and special rights, rows were written in red.

5. Uzuur Tsokhio’s petroglyphs
There are figures of ancient tribes’ stamps, horse, cattle and men on the top of a hill, which is called Uzuur Tsohto, Batshireet Somon. There is a picture of six horses led by two-three men on the rock that points to northeast.


1. Chinggis Qahan’s Monument
This monument with height of 11.70 m stands in the east of Dadal Somon and size of its base is 10 m. Chinggis qahan’s standing appearance of political and state figure’s portray and fire on the monument are carved and top of the emblem is described upper side in the right of Chinggis qahan head. The monument was built in 1962 for the 800th Anniversary o f Chinggis qahan and creators of the monument were accused and became victims of one life and even there was a decision to demolish it.

2. Boorchi’s Monument
Nahu the wealthy man lived and pastured his cattle in the vast valley of Khukhuur, located in the south of Batnorov somon. Nahu’s only son Boorchi made friends with Chinggis in his childhood when Chinggis was on his way to follow the tracks of his 8 light bay horses that he lost them to robbers. Since then Boorchi had been reliable friend of Chinggis qahan and helped him to unite Mongolian nation, for his exploits, he was awarded to be right hand governor of Chinggis qahan. Therefore, people erected a 3m granite monument in his homeland. At present, the sum has many horses and is famous for its wranglers. In 2003, the somon became leader somon in the country by its horses and people of the sum held a celebration of twenty thousand horses.

3. Bereeven Monastery
This monastery was built with granite in 1777 in the southern slope of Delgerkhan Mountain. The monastery that once had a name Khalkh’s Ar Utai Gumben was demolished during the great political repression of Mongolia and today a small monastery is on the base of it. Granite Mountain with larch and pine forest surrounding the monastery is called arvan gurvan Sansar Mountain. Also, there is Buddha Manzushir on the 2:3 m stone that is in the southeast of the monastery.

4. Kherlen’s Khuduu Aral
A steppe with size of 600 km2 in the Kherlen Bay is located in the south of Kherlenbayan Ulaan Mountain. The Conqueror Chinggis qahan Great Aurag Mansion was on the bank of Avarga River of this steppe. In this historical place, “The Secret Bureau of Mongolia”, which’is a great fact of Mongolian history, was written. Therefore, a monument for this historical fact’s 750th Anniversary was erected in 1990. Also, this place was recorded as a national resource.

5. Deluun Boldog
Deluun Boldog is a hill with a monument on the top of it. Dadal somon. Legend says that when Chinggis qahan was born her mother was given a spleen soup and water of the soup was taken from the east lake, thus, east lake was given a name Deluun (Mongolian word for spleen), moreover, Chinggis’s body was wallowe in the west lake, thus, west lake was given a name Boldog (bulhdag-mongolian name for wallowing). Therefore, the names of
east and west lakes called together as Deluun Boldog.

6. Artifacts made of Batnorov craftsmanship
Batnorov and Dariganga craftsmanship are the best and most expensive ones among Mongolian Art of smith, specially, in art of silver smith. Batnorov Somon has be en famous for its silversmiths and their creations such as saddle, bridle and cups since long ago. This Somon is home of famous craftsmen like L.Luvsankhorloo, Tojil, Jamyangombo, Gombo nobleman, N.Yondon and Sh.Choinbol. In addition, the craftsmanship of artifacts made by smiths of this place is called as Batnorov craftsmanship. Among these Tojil smith’s craftsmanship is the most famous one in the country. Craftmanship of B.Ishjamts who lived in Delgerolziit Mountain of the 1st subdivision of Batnorov somon was famous in 1940 is and authorities and heads of the country used to order his creations. Transferring the method of forging iron into a method of mould casting was an innovation of Mongolian smith and moulds are made of Boshoo’s clay through mixing it with crumbs of papyrus.

7. Chinggis’s Khermen Road
Shoroon Kherem is one of Mongolian historical facts that are named by Chinggis name such as ”Chiggisiin Dalan”‘, Chinggisiin Zam” and “Chinggisiin Kherem”. Shoroon Kherem is a name of separate walls that go through several sums of Khentii province and other provinces. Shoroon zam starts from the west of Bayan-Adarga somon and goes through Khurai Davaa, Nariin Khundii, Saikhanii Khundii. Saintsagaan lake, Ulziin Ondor Dov of Norovlin Somon, Khermen Khudag of Bayandun somon, Dornod province, territories of Tsagaan ovoo, Sergelen and Gurvan Zagal somon and goes into the territory of China. Length of the wall is 500-600 km and there are many small sand walls with length of 40-50 m. There are no tracks that people were living inside them but there were finds of some broken cups. Researchers hypothesize this wall in many ways, was it a border of some ancient tribe? Or maybe Ogoodei Khan built it to prevent gazelles from fleeing to land of his other brothers.

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